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Note to self: bash path hashing /o\

Did you ever stumble across something like this:

Yes, this is strange, isn’t it? The PATH variable is set in the correct order (this is why ‘which’ finds the local Python). Googling about this behavior at first didn’t bring up any solution. But then I came across this now closed question on Stackoverflow.

So once you know what you are looking for Google reveals lots and lots of people having trouble with path hashing. Now, my solution was quite simple:


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Changing filenames to camel case

Sometimes you’ll encounter the task to rename files named with snake_case to CamelCase. And sometimes there are a lot of those files. For example when porting a CakePHP 1 project to CakePHP 2 or 3. In CakePHP the upgrade console does a decent job renaming a lot of files for you. But in larger projects having subfolders you’re left with an awful lot of unrenamed scripts. This is where my Python 3 script comes in. It renames any filenames in the current directory given as parameters (thanks to Python 3 argparse you can use wildcards!) from snake_case to CamelCase filename. It preserves the extension if the filename has one. It also has a quiet mode (use -q) to suppress any output at the command line and a preview mode just like GNU make (use -n, supersedes -q), which doesn’t do anything but print out what it would have done.

(Picture by Startup Stock Photos CC 0,

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Practical tips for using map()

When using map() you sometimes can be fooled by Pythons lazy evaluation. Many functions returning complex or iterable data don’t do this directly but return a generator object, which when iterated over, yields the result values.

But sometimes you will need the result set at once. For example when map()ing a list one would sometimes coerce Python to return the whole resulting list. This can be done by applying the list() function to the generator like this:


In line 5 I have to recreate the map object since print() seems to empty it.

When applying a standard function with map() it’s needed to qualify the module path on call:

In this case it’s the str module:


Thats all for now. Have fun.